November 11, 1918, 4-year-long continuation of the First World War, Britain, the United States, France and other countries and the victory of Germany, Austria and other countries ended in failure. January 1919, winning Xiediguo held in the Palace of Versailles in Paris peace conference. China, as a victorious nation to attend the meeting. The representative of China at the proposed abolition of privileges in China and foreign countries, abolish the "21" legitimate demands - have been rejected. Japan has decided to take over the meeting in Germany, the various privileges. Sangquanruguo this treaty, the representative of China even prepared to recognize the signature. The news, the anger of the country, Burning with rage. The student-led May 4th Patriotic Movement as volcanic eruptions began in general
May 4 afternoon, more than 3,000 students in Beijing gathered in front of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations, they shouted, "I also Qingdao," "external struggles for sovereignty, in addition traitor" and other slogans, calling on various sectors to take action against imperialist aggression , safeguard China's sovereignty and territorial. This campaign workers and all sectors of the solidarity and support, Shanghai, Nanjing and other places of work have held strikes and demonstrations. People in the country, under pressure from the Northern Government was forced to release the arrested students, and others recall Caorulin the post, and instructions Paris Representatives to the meeting refused to sign the peace treaty.
May 4 movement is a thorough and uncompromising anti-imperialist patriotic movement. She promoted Marxism with China's labor movement, the combination created a number of preliminary communist ideology intellectuals, for the establishment of the Communist Party of China has done ideologically, cadres, preparations.
In order to carry forward the May 4th Youth Movement inherited the glorious tradition of 1939, Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region Northwest China Youth Federation of Youth May 4th provisions for the China Youth Day. December 23, 1949, the Chinese People's Government Cabinet official: May 4th Youth Day in China.